What is psoriasis? Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes the abnormal rapid buildup of skin cells in the affected areas. Usually, this occurs in just a matter of days in people without psoriasis. However, in some people, the disease can persist for months at a stretch. In the worst cases, the disease may be asymptomatic, and symptoms remain undetected for years together. A slow accumulation of immune system defects in such people renders them prone to psoriasis outbreaks. Types of psoriasis : The four common types of psoriasis are Plaque psoriasis (often called Brown Scaly psoriasis), Scalp psoriasis or Pale Flakes, Dry skin psoriasis, and Smooth surface psoriasis. Among these, plaques are the least common type of psoriasis. These lesions form due to overactive immune systems that cause inflammation of the skin. When plaques are present in the skin, they are usually easy to see, painless, and reddish in color, which gradually changes to brown, hardened, and crusted plaques. If a family member develops psoriasis, you should try to find out its cause. Some studies indicate that families that have a history of psoriasis are likely to develop it later in life. Studies also reveal that patients suffering from other skin conditions are more prone to develop psoriasis. So in order to avoid the onset of the disease, patients with other skin conditions should be treated properly. How does psoriasis happen? When the body's immune system becomes extremely sensitive, it triggers an overreaction against the body's own white blood cells called dendritic cells. This results in the production of additional skin cells in large sections. This condition has been found to be an extremely rare type of psoriasis. It affects mostly people who are in their twenties and thirties and is found to be very rare in those who are older than fifty years old.
What causes psoriasis? There are several interesting theories on the subject of inverse psoriasis causes. One theory suggests that this condition is caused by abnormal activity of the autonomic nervous system. Some experts think that this condition could be triggered by an increase in the production of certain hormones that control the immune system, such as cytokines. Another theory suggests that an abnormal response to a common insecticide could lead to the development of large patches of inflamed skin that are psoriasis in nature. On another hand, experts feel that the excessive scratching and rubbing of the skin could lead to the development of lesions in areas where no wounds exist. Psoriasis treatment : Psoriasis treatment is one of the biggest ongoing topics in the medical community. The fact that there is no cure for psoriasis at this time is an unfortunate truth for many sufferers. But while no particular psoriasis treatment works for all sufferers, there are some common ways to attack the disease. These treatments are generally classified into four categories or areas in which to focus treatment. 1. Topical treatments The first category is topical treatments. This psoriasis treatment involves applying a topical cream to the affected area several times each day. Topical treatments include salicylic acid, which acts as an exfoliant, as well as sulfur, which has a mild antiseptic effect. You should talk to your doctor about which creams and soaps might be safe for you to use based on your age and overall health, but you should always start with your doctor's approval before applying anything. UVB broadband, a form of ultraviolet radiation used in tanning beds, may cause symptoms similar to those of psoriasis, so you should also be aware of its side effects. 2. Oral medication The next category of psoriasis treatment is geared towards oral medication. The first step toward any oral treatment is a visit to your general practitioner. He or she will examine your skin and nails and ask you questions about your medical history and the severity of your condition. Your doctor will then set up a treatment plan based on your needs, including what you should eat and when to begin. 3. Phototherapy For moderate to severe cases, phototherapy may be an effective alternative to medications. Phototherapy involves exposing your skin to wavelengths of ultraviolet light under medical supervision, which is believed to stimulate the production of collagen. This allows your skin to form new tissue, and replace damaged cells, as well as improve the appearance of your nails and skin. If phototherapy doesn't work, or if you find that medications aren't working for your specific condition, your physician may recommend other forms of psoriasis treatment, including oral medications, topical creams, or a combination of both. There are two ways to apply oral medications to treat psoriasis: by taking it as a pill, or by applying it topically to your skin. There are also natural remedies that you can use as a topical treatment for your guttate psoriasis during pregnancy. 4. Topical therapies Topical therapy is often combined with topical medications. Topical therapies are considered safer than medications, as they don't cause the same side effects like do drugs since they are applied directly to the skin. Topical therapies include coal tar, salicylic acid, and other ingredients. They can help reduce inflammation and improve the appearance of your skin. As with any medications, you should consult your doctor before beginning topical therapy for your condition. 5. Steroids Corticosteroid medications, or steroids, are another common form of psoriasis treatment. These medications are available only after your doctor determines that your condition qualifies as moderate to severe psoriasis. Corticosteroids are injected directly into areas of affected skin to shrink the red blood cells, preventing new skin cells from forming. You will need to use sunscreen when undergoing this treatment, and you may be advised to avoid certain sunlight types of clothing, such as shorts and skirts. Your doctor will likely suggest vitamin D supplements for you to take in order to prevent vitamin D deficiency after completing your course of medication. Psoriasis treatment options can be challenging, but there are treatments available for your specific condition. Discuss your options with your doctor, and do your research to learn more about the different methods available for treatment. Whether you choose medications, natural remedies, or even a combination of both, you should be satisfied with the results you achieve.